Erandol was known as "Ek Chakra Nagari" in the time of the Pandavas. Later, the town's name was "Arunawati".Erandol is situated near the Anjani River in Tapi valley of the Deccan Plateau, between the Satpura hills and Ajanta hills. It has an average elevation of 227 metres (744 feet). The Anjani River passes through the town, and the Anjani Dam lies nearby. Erandol shares borders with the talukas of Dharangaon, Pachora, Bhadgaon, and Anore.Erandol is a Municipal Council city in district of Jalgaon, Maharashtra. The Erandol city is divided into 18 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. The Erandol Municipal Council has population of 31,071 of which 16,000 are males while 15,071 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 3916 which is 12.60% of total population of Erandol (M Cl). In Erandol Municipal Council, Female Sex Ratio is of 942 against state average of 929. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Erandol is around 889 compared to Maharashtra state average of 894. Literacy rate of Erandol city is 76.67% lower than state average of 82.34%. In Erandol, Male literacy is around 81.93% while female literacy rate is 71.13%.